At the foot of Mt Lovcen, deep inside one of the most beautiful bays on the Mediterranean, and even the world, lies Kotor, a town of rich cultural tradition and one of best preserved mediaeval settlements in this part of the Mediterranean. Two thousand years of turbulent but glorious history left traces in every stone in its buildings, towers, castles and walls, on paintings, wall-paintings and in sayings written in stones or on paper, on its gates or its narrow streets.
There is this strong feeling in the air of the need for these people to carry on with the centuries-old tradition of this town to welcome and entertain visitors, but also to enchant them with the power of its perplexing narrow streets, squares, old buildings, churches, town walls, and gates. At numerous places which provide an appropriate setting, throughout the whole year, especially in summer, interesting cultural and art programs are organised.
On these pages we intend to inform you of all the necessary information about Kotor. However, its charming beauty waits for you to experience it yourself.
The old town – that is the most famous part of Kotor, where the Kotor history, culture, and tradition are being preserved. The old town of Kotor has a great number of monuments of the medieval architecture: churches, cathedrals, palaces, and museums. Its beauty is complemented with the multitude of narrow streets, squares, and markets. The old town of Kotor stands out also by the great number of stylishly made gates, palaces of the wealthy families, and a great number of stairs. The old nucleus of Kotor today is considered to be the best preserved medieval urban entity in the Mediterranean. The largest and the most impressive are, by all means, city bulwarks which surround the town. They are about 5 km long, 20, high, and about 10 m wide. Bring completely preserved, they are a unique sample of the fortification architecture in Europe. The beginning of their construction started in the IX century, in order for them to be added onto and arranged for the next 10 centuries. Bulwarks have 3 doors, through which for centuries people have came in and out of the town. From whichever door that you go into the town, the road will bring you to the most famous edifice – cathedral Sveti Tripun from the XII century, which is dedicated to the protector of the town – Sveti Tripun.
There are several squares in the town and the main, and the biggest city square is Trg od oruzja (Square of arms). That square was and remained the main place for gathering. Various gatherings happened there and it was the place where people from Kotor assembled. Cultural richness of Kotor is made priceless by its treasury which hides some significant cultural monuments like: Tower watch (VIII century), Cathedral of Sveti Tripun (XII century), Church of Sveti Luka (XII century), Prince’s palace (XVII century), Church of Sveta Marija (XII century), Church of Lady of Health (XV century), and Napoleon’s Theater (XIX century). Old Kotor has also numerous palaces like: Bizanti, Buca, Pima, Grgurin, in which today is Maritime museum.
In the Old town in Kotor we have the first Faculty of tourism and hotel keeping, as well as some music halls, Center for culture, galleries etc.
In the old town we have the greatest number of boutiques and trade shops. There are also some smaller shops and stores that offer footwear and clothes of the renowned European and world designers and creators. Except the boutiques and clothes stores, in the old town we also have a great number of souvenir shops, photo shops, jewelry shops, book stores, antique shops, hair dressing saloons, beauty centers, barber shops, cafés, pizzerias, etc.
If you decide to spend the entire day touring the old town, you will not make a mistake, because beside the research and getting to know with the town you can get refreshment in some of the numerous Kotor cafés. They are mostly found on Kotor squares. The old town of Kotor has also a large number of nicely decorated restaurants and hotels. In them you can try traditional specialties, as well as different Mediterranean food. In the old town there are also 2 hotels, in which you can accommodate yourself nicely, and pleasantly spend your holiday. The most important thing of all is to mention that the Old town of Kotor is on the list of the UNESCO world cultural inheritance, since 1979. From the same named institution Kotor was recently declared the world cultural inheritance in danger, so in the following period numerous European and world cultural institutions will give it even bigger attention.
The building is set in the north-south between the churches of St. Joseph and St. Paul. This is massive three floors building. It was built in the 19th century by the urban architect Mark Benzoni and remained unchanged until today. Over a century of existence between the walls of this building many patriots were kept, imprisoned and tortured, and many of them are gone without a trace. So it is the duty of historians to dedicate this monument the attention it deserves.
All individual monuments within the urban core are an integral part of the architectural ensemble of the Old town of Kotor, which has exceptional architectural, historic, cultural and artistic value, and as such is classified in category I cultural monument. Therefore, for each building in particular suggests that the formulation of the whole protected Old town of Kotor and categories.